Washington Facts, Stats and Information

Washington Facts

  • U.S. State Name: Washington
  • U.S. State Abbreviation: WA
  • U.S. Region: Western United States
  • Admission to the Union: November 11th, 1889
  • Total Area: 71,362 sq. mi.
  • Total Population: 7,705,281 (2020 USCB)
  • Capital City: Olympia, WA
  • Largest City: Seattle, WA

33 Washington Facts

  1. Washington is one of the 50 states of the United States of America.
  2. Washington was the 42nd state to join the United States on November 11, 1889.
  3. Washington is in the western region of the United States.
  4. Washington is the 18th largest U.S. state, covering a total of 71,297.95 square miles or 1.87% of the total area of the United States.
  5. Washington's 71,297.95 square miles is 93.21% land and 6.79% surface water.
  6. Washington is ranked 18th with the most land area in the United States, with 66,455.52 square miles of land area.
  7. Washington is ranked 11th with the most water area in the United States, with 4,842.43 square miles of water area.
  8. Washington is the 13th most populated U.S. state with a population of 7,705,281 or 2.33% of the total population of the United States.
  9. The state capital of Washington is the city of Olympia.
  10. Washington is divided into 39 counties statewide.
  11. King County is the most populated county in Washington
  12. The most populated city in Washington is Seattle with an estimated 754,567 residents.
  13. The five most populated city in Washington are Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma, Vancouver and Bellevue.
  14. A native or resident Washington is called a Washingtonian.
  15. Washington's average elevation statewide is 1,700 feet.
  16. Washington's highest elevation point is Mount Rogers at 5,729 feet.
  17. Washington's lowest elevation point is the Pacific Ocean at 0 feet.
  18. Washington is all in the Pacific Time Zone (PT).
  19. The two letter abbreviation for Washington is WA.
  20. The ISO 3166 code for Washington is US-WA.
  21. Washington is called the Evergreen State and the Chinook State.
  22. The estimated median household income in Washington is $78,687.
  23. Washington is the 4th most expensive U.S. state to buy a home with an estimated median home price of $409,228.
  24. Washington is ranked 13th on the cost of living index out of all 50 U.S. states.
  25. Washington has the 37th oldest population in the United States with a median age of 37.9.
  26. Washington's average temperature is 50.47°F making it the 29th warmest state in the United States.
  27. Washington on average has 38.67 inches of precipitation per year, making it the 29th wettest U.S. state.
  28. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Washington was 120 °F on Tuesday, June 29, 2021, in Hanford, WA.
  29. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Washington was -48 °F on Monday, December 30, 1968, in Winthrop, WA.
  30. Washington's official state motto is "Al-ki" (Chinook Jargon, "By and by).
  31. Washington's official state bird is the Willow goldfinch  (Spinus tristis).
  32. Washington's official state tree is the Western Hemlock (Spinus tristis).
  33. Washington's official state flower is the Coast Rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum).

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Pictures of Washington, USA

Washington on a Map of the United States of America

The state of Washington and its regional area on a Map of the United States of America.

The Official State Flag of Washington

The official state flag of Washington waving in the wind on a flag pole.

The Official State Seal of Washington

The official state seal of Washington that is used by the state's government.

Olympia the state capital of Washington

Olympia the capital city of Washington.

Seattle, Washington, United States

Seattle, Washington, United States of America.

Olympic National Park

Olympic National Park


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